Irregular Boundary Adjustment

Irregular Boundary adjustments, along with Grant Boundary adjustments and Angle Points of Meander Lines are secondary methods for establishing the positions of lost corners. Because they may involve any number of lost positions, TPC computes them as part of a traverse adjustment. As a result, they are available only from the Closure View.

You will start with the record data in the traverse you are adjusting. You may have created a second traverse with your retracement data in order to compute the position of the known corner the record data ties back into.

Record vs Retracement Traverses

Irregular Boundary adjustments and Grant Boundary adjustments involve adjusting a traverse with record data so that it matches the appropriate retracement points. We can think of this as involving two traverses. One with record calls and another with retracement calls. The adjustment is made to the RECORD data traverse, with a closing point tie to the retracement position of a known corner. In this way, the record data is adjusted to fit the controlling corners then used to compute the positions of the lost corners. Both the record and the retracement traverses start and stop at the same known corners.

Record traverse - contains the record data calls
Retrace traverse - contains the retracement measurements

'Record' traverse with points R1, R2, R3, R4 & R5.
'Retrace' traverse with points T1, T2, T3, T4 & T5. Where T5 is the retraced position of R5.

You will adjust the 'Record' traverse so that it's closing point, R5, ends up at the same position as T5 after the adjustment. To accomplish this, T5 is recalled as the correct closing point in the point to point adjustment of the Record traverse.

Adjustment Details

If you turn on Adjustment Details, TPC will display the appropriate parameters and individual course adjustments as if you had done the adjustment manually. This will allow you to compare TPC results with similar adjustments from CMM or other methods.

  1. To see the adjusment details in the Closure View, choose View | Include Closure Data and make sure Adjusment Details is checked.


TPC reports the intermediate values along with adjusted course data through the Adjustment Details option in the Closure View.

Notice that TPC starts the Adjustment Details with the same intermediate values you would need if you were to adjust the Irregular Boundary manually. The information provide for each adjusted point is identical to any other coordinate adjustment, but in this case, TPC also provides information about the adjustment for each course. Again, this matches the intermediate values you would get if you computed the adjustment manually.

[Adjustment Details]


Irregular Boundary (BLM)


Retrace - Record: Latitude = -0.690, Departure = -0.440

Factor: Latitude = -0.002878, Departure = 1.001835


Point:1     Desc:orig fnd cnr      

  Adjusted  : N:0.000   E:0.000   Z:0.00 

  Raw       : N:0.000   E:0.000   Z:0.00 

  Difference: N:0.000   E:0.000   Z:0.00 

  Linear Error: 0.00 Chains    Relative Error: 0


Course 1 to 2

  Adjusted Departure = -40.073

  Latitude Adjustment = -0.115

  Adjusted Latitude = -0.115


Point:2     Desc:                  

  Adjusted  : N:-0.115  E:-40.073 Z:0.00 

  Raw       : N:-0.000  E:-40.000 Z:0.00 

  Difference: N:-0.115  E:-0.073  Z:0.00  

  Linear Error: 0.14 Chains    Relative Error: 294


Course 2 to 3

  Adjusted Departure = -17.282

  Latitude Adjustment = -0.050

  Adjusted Latitude = -0.050

Temporary Points

TPC does not attempt to associate temporary points created in the retracement with the original corners included in the adjusted traverse. You can easily do this with the Random Inverse dialog or insert the adjusted record positions into your retracement traverse as sideshots from their respective temporary points. Either way, you will get the bearings and distances needed to offset the temporary points to their computed positions.

Related Topics

Cadastral Survey
Adjustment Details
Closure View